Composers

Dobiáš Václav

22.9.1909—22.5.1978

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Biography

Václav Dobiáš, was a native of Radčice, a small village in the foothills of the Giant Moutains in the North of Bohemia. He was born as the son of a small farmer and folk musician, and he studied at first for the career of a schoolmaster. He showed musical gift early in his life and found an outlet for it in the bands of folk musicians active in his native region. Later on he studied violin playing and, when he came to Prague, composition with J. B. Foerster. In 1939 he graduated from Vitezslav Novák\'s master class of composition at the Prague Conservatory with a Chamber Symphony. During the period of German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1939 - 45) Dobiáš showed his ability to forge a strong contact with his audience, and after the liberation of Czechoslovakia - he unfolded a wide-ranging and significant activity in the field of cultural politics both as chairman of the Czechoslovak Composers Union as well as member of the National Assembly. He made his mark in topical forms of the day with his songs for mass singing which he was writing between 1945 and 1956, and which became very popular in those days. He was appointed a professor of composition at the Prague Academy of Music and Performing Arts (from 1950). In 1950s Dobias became twice a laureate of the State Prize and a laureate of the International Peace Prize (1961). His pupils included J. Dvořáček, Jar. Rybář, I. Kurz, V. Riedlbauch, Jar. Smolka, J. Stivín a.o. Since 1970 he presided over the Prague Spring Festival, and was made National Artist in 1976.

 

Work

A SELECTION OF WORKS

ORCHESTRAL WORKS
Sonata for Piano, Wind Quintet, Timpani and String Orchestra (1947), Panton, O SUA 18391 20\'
Sinfonietta for large Orchestra (1947 and 1962), Panton 20\'
Symphony No. 2 (1956-57), SHV, O SUA 18180 53\'

CHAMBER MUSIC
Three Toccatas for Piano (1940), SHV
Pastoral Wind Quintet (1943), Panton, O DV 5868 16\'
Quartettino (1944), SHV, LP SU DV 6016 8\'
First Piano Sonatina (1945), SHV
Three Poetic Polkas (1950), SHV
Nonet \"Of Native Land\" (1952), SHV LP SU DV 5379 43\'

VOCAL MUSIC
Lord, Have Mercy on Us! Male Chorus on words of an ancient Czech choral (1944), SHV
Slavonic Linden-tree, Male Chorus on words by J. V. Sládek (1945), SHV, LP SU DV 5809
Lidice Songs (1948), SHV
Festival Song (1951), SHV, LP SU DV 5809
Ye Who Are the Warriors of God, for Baritone Solo, Mixed Choir and Piano (1952) SHV
Tomorrov Belongs To Us, A Song for Unisono Chorus on words by J. Plachetka (1955), CHF
Dreams, Five Songs for Soprano and Piano on words of ancient Chinese poetry (1956), SHV, LP SU 45/04166
Prague, You Only One, A Cycle of Songs for lower Voice and Orchestra on words by M. Pujma¬nová (1960-61), SHV, LP SU DM 5973
The Red Army, A Song for Unisono Chorus and Orchestra on words by V. Závada (1960), CHF

CANTATAS
Stalingrad, A Cantata for Baritone, Male Chorus, Chorus of Recitators and Orchestra on words by J. M. Novák (1945), SHV, LP SU DV 5682
Build Your Country - Strengthen Peace!, Czechoslovak Polka. A Cantata for Mixed Chorus and Orchestra on words by F. Halas (1950), SHV, LP SU DM 5160
Order No. 368. A Cantata for Baritone, Male Chorus and Orchestra (1946), CHF

 

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